The Journal of Healthcare Ethics & Administration (JHEA) is an international open-access online journal that reflects the issues on medicine and healthcare administration. The JHEA welcomes original researches, review articles, and case studies, etc. by scholars, medical and law professionals, and healthcare administrators who desire to share knowledge through the dissemination of published works. Each published article in the journal is approved by an international editorial board before publication using a double-blind, peer-review process.
The Journal of Healthcare Ethics & Administration (JHEA) is an international open-access online journal that reflects the issues on medicine and healthcare administration.
The JHEA welcomes original researches, review articles, and case studies, etc. by scholars, medical and law professionals, and healthcare administrators who desire to share knowledge through the dissemination of published works online. Each published article in the journal is approved by an international editorial board before publication using a double-blind, peer-review process.

Current Issue: Vol.3 No.1 (Spring/Summer 2017)
ISSN 2474-2309

Editorial

Mandatory Neonatal Male Circumcision in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Common Good: An Exploration of Ethical Justification

Aloysius S. Ochasi

Abstract
Despite the scientific and political advances made in the areas of prevention and treatment to curb the devastation caused by HIV/AIDS, the pandemic continues to exert an enormous toll especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa carries about 70 percent of the world’s HIV/AIDS burden. Interestingly, an effective preventive measure against HIV/AIDS seems to have been found in one of mankind’s most common and oldest cultural and religious rituals, that is male circumcision. The conclusive evidence from three randomized control trials in Africa indicates that circumcised males have a lower risk of HIV infection. Medical experts and researchers advocate that male circumcision is best done at infancy for optimum health benefits. This paper explores the ethical justification for mandating neonatal male circumcision in sub-Saharan Africa, perhaps with an opt-out clause, as one of the bold measures government could take to prevent the spread of HIV. The notion of the common good consistent with Thomistic theological anthropology, which David Hollenbach examined in his thesis of the common good, is proposed as the justifying ethical measure. However, the proposal in this essay shall be exploratory rather than prescriptive.

Ethics Report

Case Study/Theoretical Ethics